This is a term associated with anything that originates from the mind or attached to the emotional state of a human being. There are disorders that are associated with the psychology of a person and they are called psychological disorders at times referred to as mental disorders. The patterns or behaviors immensely impact a large portion of a person’s life changing the quality of life that the affected person used to live. The disorders stress the patient and may lead to other complications.
Some of the major categories of disorder include the following:
Neurodevelopmental disorders are those that are typically diagnosed during infancy, childhood,or adolescence. These psychological disorders include:
- Intellectual disability (or Intellectual Developmental Disorder), formerly referred to as mental retardation
- Developmental delay
- Communication disorders
- Language disorder
- Autism spectrum disorder
Bipolar and Related Disorders
Bipolar disorder is characterized by shifts in mood as well as changes in activity and energy levels. The disorder involves experiencing shifts between elevated moods and periods of depression. Such elevated moods can be pronounced and are referred to either as mania or hypomania.
Compared to the previous edition of the DSM, in the DSM-5 the criteria for manic and hypomanic episodes include an increased focus on changes in energy levels and activity as well as changes in mood.
by excessive and abnormal fear, worry, anxiety and related behavioral disturbances. Fear involves an emotional response to a threat, whether that threat is real or perceived. Anxiety involves the anticipation that a future threat may arise.
In one survey published in the Archives of General Psychiatry, it was estimated that as many as 18% of American adults suffer from at least one anxiety disorder.
Hey, if you are suffering from psychological disorders or a loved one, there are normally signs and symptoms that show and prompt you to go and have a check-up before it gets worse. Whenever you experience any of the following symptoms make sure to visit a psychologist who will be able to help you and prevent a fatal mental condition.
What are the symptoms of psychological disorders?
Symptoms of psychological disorders vary based on the specific disorder, but mood and behavioral symptoms are common. Symptoms can be chronic and relapsing. They can interfere with your ability to interact in society. Some psychological disorders can also cause physical symptoms. For example, panic attacks associated with anxiety disorders may have symptoms that look and feel like a heart attack. Somatoform disorders, conditions in which symptoms suggest a medical cause but none can be found, frequently involve symptoms of pain or achiness.
Common symptoms of psychological disorders
Psychological disorders can cause a variety of symptoms; common symptoms include:
- Agitation, hostility or aggression
- Alcohol or drug abuse
- Alterations in energy levels
- Confusion or disconnectedness
- Erratic behavior
- Irritability and mood changes
- Perception or thought process disturbances (psychoses), such as hallucinations and delusions
- Persistent or abrupt mood changes that can interfere with day-to-day life
- Problem denial
- Social withdrawal
For one to have a successful mental treatment he/she has to undergo various therapies. This is because these psychological issues are normally complex and hard to be mediated by just a single therapy. Most of the disorders are treated with medication, cognitive therapy and socioeconomic components that go hand in hand with the disorder.
There are many different types of psychotherapy , derived from a variety of theories of psychological disorders, but all employ some form of mental health counseling, in which the patient works in a structured individual or group setting with a psychotherapist .
One type of psychotherapy is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), which is used to treat a wide variety of psychological disorders. CBT incorporates aspects of cognitive therapy, which focuses on how a person’s thoughts influence their mood and behaviors, and behavioral therapy, which focuses on an individual’s actions. By combining these two modes of therapy, CBT aims to help patients identify and modify maladaptive patterns of thinking and behavior.(1) By changing negative and unproductive thinking, CBT can help patients cope with challenging or stressful situations in positive and constructive ways, which can alleviate psychological symptoms, help patients manage their disorder and cope with daily stresses, or prevent a relapse of symptoms. CBT can be used alone or in conjunction with medication to treat a variety of psychological disorders, such as depression, substance abuse disorders, anxiety disorders, and schizophrenia.
A variety of psychiatric medications are used to eliminate or decrease the severity of psychological disorder symptoms in order to improve patient functioning and quality of life. Antipsychotics such as risperidone (Risperdal), aripiprazole (Abilify), and clozapine (Clozaril) are often used to treat psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. To treat depression, many psychiatrists prescribe antidepressants, which regulate neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin. The most commonly used antidepressants are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as fluoxetine (Prozac) and sertraline (Zoloft). Mood stabilizers are frequently used to treat bipolar disorder, sometimes in conjunction with antipsychotics and antidepressants. Commonly used mood stabilizers are lithium and anticonvulsants, including carbamazepine (Tegretol), lamotringe (Lamictal), and oxcarbazepine (Trileptal). Numerous medications are used to treat other psychological disorders, and patients must work with their psychiatrists to find the medication regimen that best suits their needs.
Sourced from: http://www.uniteforsight.org/mental-health/module5